Definition of a chamber:
- A chamber in which excessive pressure can be reduced gradually to atmospheric pressure.
- A chamber in which an individual can be gradually subjected to decreased atmospheric pressure (as in simulating conditions at high altitudes).
This eliminates many of the risks of long decompressions underwater, in cold or dangerous conditions. Often the terms “decompression chamber”, “recompression chamber” and “hyperbaric oxygen therapy chamber” are used interchangeably. The names reflect the different purposes that the chambers are designed for, rather than their capability. Each is capable of operating in the others’ role:
- a recompression chamber is used to treat divers suffering from certain diving disorders such as decompression sickness
- a hyperbaric oxygen therapy chamber is used in a hospital or sporting context to treat patients whose condition might benefit from hyperbaric oxygen treatment, including divers.
The decompression chamber was invented in 1916 by the Italian engineer Alberto Gianni .
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